Home Part 4 FOOD SECURITY

 

Professor Dorina Ardelean, Ph.D

”Vasile Goldiș” Western University of Arad

Abstract

The assurance of food security at the individual level doesn’t implicitly provide for the one at family level as the concepts of hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity are the steps of the same process of access restricted to a sufficient supply of food. In order to achieve food security at the individual level the following is necessary: ensuring food availability (production, reserve stocks); redistribution of food availability within the country or out through international exchanges; effective access of the population to purchase food consumer goods, by ensuring its effective demand as required. Food security of families (FFS) is required for assuring individual food security (IFS), but it is not sufficient because the food available may be unevenly distributed between family members. National food security (NFS) corresponds to the possibilities that different countries have to ensure both FFS and IFS without sacrificing other important objectives. Under the name of GAS is defined the global food security which represents permanent access for the entire population of the globe to the necessary food for a healthy and active life.

Key words: Assurance of food security, HACCP, tree main categories of risks (physical, chemical and biological), traceability, genetic modified products.

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