Home Part 3 PROSCENIUM OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

PROSCENIUM OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT


Associate Professor Vasile Berlingher, PhD
Vasile Goldis Western University of Arad, Baia Mare branch, Maramures county,
5, Culturii Street, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract
During the last three decades of the nineteenth century, organizations developed rapidly, their managers began to realize that they had too frequent managerial problems; this awareness lead to a new phase of development of scientific management.
Examining the titles published in that period, it can be concluded that management issues that pose interest related to payroll and payroll systems, problems exacerbated by the industrial revolution and related work efficiency. Noting that large organizations losing power, direct supervision, the managers were looking for incentives to replace this power .
One of the first practitioners of this new management system was Henry R. Towne, the president of the well-known enterprise "Yale and Towne Manufacturing Company", which applied the management methods in his company workshops. Publishers of magazines "Industrial Management" and "The Engineering Magazine" stated that HR Towne is, undisputedly, the pioneer of scientific management. He initiated the systematic application of effective management methods and his famous article "The Engineer as Economist" provided to the company. "American Society of Mechanical Engineers" in 1886 was the one that probably inspired Frederick W. Taylor to devote his entire life and work in scientific management.
Keywords: objectives, organization, managers, workers, scientific management.

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