Home Volumul 2 ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT OF RUSTIC ANIMAL BREEDS IN BANAT WITH CO-ECONOMIC IMPACT

ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT OF RUSTIC ANIMAL BREEDS IN BANAT WITH CO-ECONOMIC IMPACT


Marcel Matiuti*, Alexandru T. Bogdan**, Carmen-Luminita Matiuti***
*Faculty of Veterinary Medicine – USAMVB Timisoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania
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** Romanian Academy, Calea 13 Septembrie 13, Bucharest, Romania
*** Technical College Azur , Calea Martirilor 64, Timisoara, Romania
Abstract
During the 19th and the 20th centuries, they developed in the Banat of Temeswar animal
breeds with economic performances comparable to those of other breeds in Europe.
Traditionally, they also breed animal breeds and populations developed in Transylvania, a
multi-cultural, multi-ethnic historical region that resembles the Banat of Temeswar very
much from this point of view. Some of the rustic breeds from the Banat of Temeswar or
from Transylvania are economically behind other specialised breeds. These rustic breeds
are, in exchange, well adapted to the areas and they have genes that endow them with
particular disease-resistance. Reform of farm support policies in OECD countries is a
welcome step which has led to a decline in the aggregate trade distortion coefficient from
0.96 in 1986 to 0.74 in 2007. Climate change and increased biofuel production represent
major risks for long-term food security. Although countries in the Southern hemisphere are
not the main originators of climate change, they may suffer the greatest share of damage in
the form of declining yields and greater frequency of extreme weather events. Nowadays a
sustainable economy must become rural, based on Agrifood Biodiversity. Bioeconomy and
Eco-Economy scientifically applied to the rural economy, in the context of a sustainable
rural development, the possibility exists to issue the following tentative terms for
consideration in the future: a. Bioeconomic sustainable development of the rural areas;
b.Eco-Economic sustainable development of the agrifood production; c. Eco-Bioeconomic
sustainable development of the agrifood green power.
Keywords: Agrifood Green Power, Ecobioeconomics, bioeconomy, ecoeconomy, food
security, social economy, rustical animal breed

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