Home Volumul 1 REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN SLOVAK REPUBLIC AT NUTS 3 LEVEL FROM DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS POINT OF VIEW

 

REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN SLOVAK REPUBLIC AT NUTS 3 LEVEL FROM DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS POINT OF VIEW


Radoslav Koziak
Department of regional development and public administration, Faculty of economics,
Matej Bel University, Tajovského 10, 975 90 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia;
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Abstract
Slovak Republic, likewise other member states of the European Union, has been
experiencing problems with the inter-regional differences for long time. These are
manifested in different forms (economic, social, environmental and others). Diverse
macroeconomic regional indicators are used to express and quantificate the inter-regional
differences. Among traditionally used and by experts acknowledged quantities of
measurement of the inter-regional differences belong for example a gross domestic product
(from diverse viewpoint and specification), labor market indicators, e.g. employment and
unemployment rates, demographic development indicators, indicators assessing
environment condition or standard of life, as well as the indicators quantifying the
investments condition and development (domestic or foreign) that flow into the object
territory since we consider them an important factor and precondition of growth and
development of the state as a whole, as well as its individual regions.
The present contribution deals with an issue of the inter-regional differences formulation
and measurement in the Slovak Republic on a NUTS 3 regions examination level (from an
uniform system of the territorial units classification viewpoint), it means the autonomous
districts (from a territorial-administrative order of Slovak Republic viewpoint), from direct
foreign investments‘ point of view.
In the contribution there are theoretically defined basic concepts with which we operate,
a specified methodological procedure for the inter-regional differences formulation and
measurement, a direct foreign investments condition analysis from 1997 to 2007
(development of the direct foreign investments during above period in all autonomous
districts were subjected to a statistical examination) as well as statistical testing that will
reveal a convergence (meaning a moderation/decrease) or a divergence (meaning
a deepening) of the inter-regional disparities on the NUTS 3 level. In addition to an
absolute formulation of the direct foreign investments condition we also quantify them in
a relative proportional formulation (meaning a particular region’s share on an overall direct
foreign investments flowing to Slovakia).
This contribution is a partial issue of the project VEGA 1/1010/11 “Theoreticmethodological
basis of planning in terms of territorial self-governments in SR”.

Key words
Direct foreign investments, NUTS 3 region, European Union, Slovak Republic, regional politics, convergence/divergence, Gini coefficient, Herfindahl index.

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